Publish Time：2014-01-20 Author：ftwljsb Click：532
There are many kinds of Mongolian boots which are divided into cuspate boots (which is also called the Mongolian boots), warm boot, leather boots, and knee-high boots, and cowhide boots. What are introduced here are the methods and purposes of the Mongolian boots of Hexigten.
For making boots, prepare pieces of old cloth, cloth, silk, various threads (including silk threads and line threads), and leash (which was called the leash kneaded with hair) first, and then paste the old cloth (generally 5-6 layers), cut upper, cartridge, and bottom of the boots. Upper and cartridge of the boots are generally made of panne cloth. Paste bottom of the boots which should be thick inside and braided with black or blue, and edges of other parts should be braided with white cloth. Paste layer by layer, with some old cloth in the center. After these preparations, make up the boots.
According to the patterns embroidered on the boots, the boots are divided into winding pattern boots (a kind of sewing method of the Mongolians), stamping boots, and embroidering boots.
Winding pattern boots
Many people wear such kind of boots, men, women, old, and young, but there are still some differences among the boots. Boots of the old all use black threads or Aluhanhe (Mongolian, which means veins pattern) with blue threads wining single thread. If upper of the boots is made of panne and cartridge is made of cotton cloth, sew on “Shageburitaomaoga (to strengthen the patterns on surface of the boots)” at the lower back corner with blue threads, and the rests are pinned with veins pattern. And then embroider various patterns with light blue threads at lower back corner of the cartridge. Boots of young and middle-aged women do not have these patterns, and most upper and cartridge of the boots are embroidered with flowers with silk threads of various colors.
Generally, such boots are worn by young people. The stamp of boots of young men is matted with green or ocean blue silk, and the colors of stamp and underlying cloth should match with that of the boot surface. All the surfaces are made of black cloth. Stamps of boots of young women are matted with bright silk and pay attention to the appearance.
Such boots are worn by young women and girls. Upper and cartridge of the boots are embroidered with various flowers with silk threads of seven colors. The embroidering is magnificent and vivid. Although such boots are beautiful, they are not as solid as the winding pattern boots and stamping boots and mainly used as ornaments.
According to the shapes, the boots are divided into hamu boots (Mongolian, which means boots with round head and large bottom and were called soap boots in ancient times) and shuangheer boots (boots with cuspate head and small bottom and which were called cuspate boots in ancient times). Hamu boots can be worn by men, women, old, and young. However, color and pattern of the boots may differ from each other due to different age and gender. Shuangheer boots are worn by bride and young women. Therefore, they are also called wedding boots. Methods of making shuangheer boots are the same with those of making other boots, only that bottom of the boots is of the shape of mud float or flat iron and upper of the boots is made of red silk.
Bottom of the Mongolian boots is sewn with one kind of linen thread. After sewing the upper, cartridge, and bottom of the boots, clip leashes of the boots (to connect upper and cartridge of the boots) and sew the boots. Clip one leash first to sew neck of the boots (the seam of upper and cartridge), and then clip three leashes to sew front and back of upper and cartridge of the boots, which are called clipping of leashes. Finally, it comes the boots sewing (which is also called making the boots), and sew the bottom with one line thread.
The Mongolian boots are suitable for the living environment of the Mongolians. The Mongolian nationality is also called a nationality on the back of horse. When riding, wear the Mongolian boots to protect legs in summer (legs will not cling to kyte of the horse) and warm the foot in winter (put felt socks inside the boots to keep warm). In case of falling down from the horse, it reduces to the danger of being dragged by the horse since the boots are easy to leave the stirrups. Therefore, the Mongolian boots are not only the essentials in living and production of the Mongolians, but also the ornaments for celebrations and weddings since ancient times, as well as precious gifts. For example, when holding the wedding dress ceremony, sister-in-laws of both the bride and groom will firstly make fun of the bride and groom when wearing the boots (wear only one boot for the bride and groom, and thus to make the bride and groom beg for mercy); present boots to the old of the bride and groom to repay an obligation; present boots to the old at ordinary visit or on birthday congratulations to show respects and blessing.